Sariaya has a total land area of 24,530 hectares. Of this, about 63.73 hectares comprise the urban area with 6 barangays while 22,839.55 hectares consist of the rural area with 37 barangays. The southern portion of the municipality of Sariaya particularly those along the coastal areas lie on flat terrain with almost sea level elevation. The terrain becomes rolling northwards reaching elevations of 200 meters above sea level (asl). The northeastern sections of the municipality particularly those leading toward Mt. Banahaw are dominated by hilly to mountainous areas reaching an elevation of 1,800 meters asl.
Sariaya is comprised of 43 barangays; of which, six (6) are urban barangays which are located in the Poblacion, while the rest of the 37 barangays are rural barangays. Based on the PSA Census of 2015, Sariaya has a total population of 148,980 or 34,592 households. Barangay Sampaloc Santo Cristo has the highest population with a total of 8,054; while Barangay Sampaloc Bogon has the least population with a total of 907.
The urban area or the “Poblacion” consisting of six (6) barangays, had a total population of 10,138 or 6.80% of the municipal population, while the rural area with 37 barangays had 138,842 persons, or 93.20% of the total population. Among the barangays in the urban area, Poblacion 4 has the highest population with a total of 3,386 persons. On the other hand, the thickly populated barangays in the rural areas were Sampaloc Santo Cristo, Manggalang 1, Concepcion Palasan, Castañas, Sampaloc 2 and Mamala II.
The municipality has seven (7) coastal barangays which covers a total area of 5,243.78 hectares. These include barangays Bignay I, Bignay II, Castañas, Guisguis-San Roque, TalaanAplaya, Guisguis-Talon and MangalangKiling. Table 1 presents the population size per barangay in the municipality.
Income Classification: 1st Class
Congressional District: 2nd District
Major Income Sources: Agriculture
No. of Barangays: 43
Land Area: 24,530 has.
Population (NSO, May 1, 2015): 148,980
Major Income Sources: Agriculture
Tourist Destinations: Majestic Mt. Banahaw, Grand Ancestral Houses, Museums, Heirlooms and Antiques, 15 Lovely Rustic Beach Resorts
The genesis of Sariaya’s name was shrouded in legends, folklores, and hearsays. The first version traced the name from an old river “Sadyaya”. The slight change from “Sadyaya” to “Sariaya” many years after the Spaniards had arrived was a natural and logical shift in the Batangas people’s view. The second version, from folktales and hearsays, indicated that “Sariaya” came from a native woman’s name Saria. In such folktale, a Spanish soldier who had lost his way met and asked Saria for the name of the pueblo. The woman misunderstood and gave her name instead – thinking that it was her name that was being asked. The third version was about the frequently attacked by Moro pirates. In one of those raids, pirates ransacked the public office and chapel looking for gold, silver, money or anything valuable. However, instead of finding treasures, the pirates had found written records of local laws which they also found remarkably fair and just. The Moro pirates exclaimed that though this town was very poor, it had fair and just laws. Thus, to our community was given the name “Shariah”, a Moslem word for “good law”.
Sariaya is a coastal municipality lying at the southwestern portion of Quezon Province in Region IV-A (CALABARZON). It is geographically situated at coordinates 13 degrees, 57 minutes and 14 seconds north latitude and 121 degrees, 30 minutes and 15.53 seconds east longtitude. It is bounded on the north by Mt. Banahaw; on the northeast by Tayabas, Quezon; on the east by Lucena City; on the south by the Tayabas Bay; on the southwest by San Juan, Batangas; and on the west by the Municipality of Candelaria. It is located 126 kilometers south of the National Capital Region (Metro Manila) and approximately 11 kilometers away from Lucena City (Provincial Capital).